Output 1: Improved country level child labour and education legal framework
Ensuring the education legal framework effectively addresses child labour elimination is an ongoing task in Kenya. TACKLE has succeeded in:
- Supporting the preparation and finalization of the policy on Alternative Provision of Basic Education and Training (APBET). The policy provides for government funding and coordination of Non Formal Education (NFE) programmes.
- In 2011, TACKLE supported MOL technical review of the National Action Plan (NAP) on elimination of child labour, resulting in identification of key achievements, gaps, challenges and recommendations on fast tracking progress towards meeting 2015/16 goal of eliminating all worst forms of child labour
Output 2: Strengthened institutional capacity to formulate and implement child labour strategies
Capacity building is a major focus of the TACKLE Project. The project has;
- Directly facilitated nineteen government officials to attend specialized courses at the ILO Training Center in Turin. The trained officials are instrumental in the work on child labour elimination. Trained education officials are designing and implementing inclusive education programmes such as the non-formal education and nomadic education. Ministry of Agriculture officials have mainstreamed child labour messages in training programmes for the field agriculture extension officers. Similarly, capacity building for the Ministry of Labour has ensured better coordination and inter-ministerial collaboration on child labour issues.
- Working with Community institutions: Capacity of cooperative society formed by TACKLE Project beneficiaries to manage and sustain anti child labour project has been enhanced.
- TACKLE Project has supported the Federation of Kenya Employers (FKE) to develop an institutional framework for Corporate Social Responsibility in child labour elimination. FKE initiated “Adopt a school” programme whereby corporate members of FKE are encouraged to adopt a needy school and support it to improve learning environment and retain children in school.
- TACKLE Project worked with the workers union in institutional strengthening on tackling child labour through education. The Trade Union Assessment Report provided the basis for training plans that will be supported by TACKLE.
Output 3: Targeted actions to combat child labour
TACKLE has implemented four action programmes targeting prevention and withdrawal of children from child labour:
- “Elimination of Child Labour through Education and Skills Training” implemented by Undugu Society of Kenya (Undugu)
- “Combating Child Labour in Siaya District, Kenya through Sustainable Home Grown School Feeding Programme” implemented by Hope World Wide Kenya (HOPE WWK)
- “Combating child labour through school feeding projects: A corporate social responsibility approach” implemented by Federation of Kenya Employers (FKE).
- “Combating Child Labour through Education among Pastoral Community of Samburu, Kenya” implemented by Nainyoiye Community Development Organization (NCDO).
A total of 2,840 children (1,409 girls and 1,431 boys) were withdrawn (1,250 children) and prevented (1,590 children) from child labour and supported to enroll in school and/or skills training. Of these, one hundred children (50 girls and 50 boys) were provided with skills entrepreneurship training using ILO materials such as Start/Improve Your Business (SIYB) and Generate a Business Idea. Half of the trainees were supported with business start up kits after the training.
TACKLE Project supported initiation of school feeding programmes. For instance, Kaptait Primary started a maize growing project that has in the last two years helped feed over 300 pupils. The school grows the maize on the school farm. Surplus harvest is sold and income generated used to buy other food commodities in addition to supporting infrastructure programmes.
Output 4: Enhanced knowledge base and networks on child labour and education
TACKLE Project has supported the following studies in Kenya:
- Study on out of school children, Micro factors inhibiting education access, retention and completion by children from vulnerable communities in Kenya. The study assessed micro factors inhibiting education access for children from poor families/vulnerable communities.
- Rapid assessment of child labour in the salt mines of Coast Province, Kenya: The study sought to ascertain the magnitude and nature of child labour in the salt mines and surrounding community.
Findings of the follow-up study on former child labourers trained on entrepreneurship and apprenticeship - The cases of Kisumu and Nairobi cities, Kenya
25 March 2014
This study sought to find out if there was any added advantage that entrepreneurship skills training had on the trainees and it compares post training progression between trainees who had received entrepreneurship training to those who in addition received business start-up kit.
Good practices in tackling child labour through education - Selected examples from the IPEC TACKLE Project
10 October 2013
The objective of the TACKLE project was to contribute to the withdrawal of children engaged in child labour and to prevent further entry of children into employment by offering them alternative education and training opportunities and thereby contributing towards poverty reduction.
11 January 2011
A Federation of Kenya Employers (FKE) Initiative
Micro factors inhibiting education access, retention and completion by children from vulnerable communities in Kenya - Summary
15 March 2010
Micro factors inhibiting education access, retention and completion by children from vulnerable communities in Kenya
15 March 2010
This study situated formal schooling as a deterrent for child labour. While schooling keeps children off labour, both push and pull factors lead to a somehow systematic exclusion of vulnerable children. Understanding this exclusion process is rather complex, especially complicated by micro factors which may only be understood through extremely focused investigations.