Papers and Briefs
ILO Working paper 89
What has been driving work-to-work transitions in the emerging world? – A comparative study of Indonesia and South Africa
23 March 2023
This paper examines the shape, prominence and drivers of work-to-work transitions in South Africa and Indonesia – two middle-income countries with similar development levels yet different labour market characteristics.
ILO Working paper 90
OSH and the COVID-19 pandemic: A legal analysis
15 March 2023
This study provides an analysis of how occupational safety and health (OSH) regulation responded to the circumstances of key workers during the COVID-19 pandemic.
ILO Working paper 88
The impact of Covid-19 on South African migrant wage workers and the self-employed
28 February 2023
When Covid-19 struck the South African government declared some of the strictest lockdowns worldwide. The impact of lockdowns on the working classes was especially severe. Initially many workers were left with no income, leading to warnings that a pandemic of hunger may eclipse the deadliness of the Covid-19 pandemic.
ILO Working paper 85
Ride-hailing versus traditional taxi services: The experiences of taxi drivers in Lebanon
05 December 2022
This paper provides insights into the working conditions of platform-based taxi drivers, and engages critically with the development of taxi platforms in Lebanon and shows its dependence on venture capital funds, the “non‑uberized” economy, the State and the non-market society in Lebanon, which is experiencing a structural transformation of its economy and labour market.
ILO Working paper 83
Labour protests during the pandemic : The case of hospital and retail workers in 90 countries
07 November 2022
With a novel methodology searching news events from world’s largest news agencies via the online GDELT project, this report documents protest of key workers against their working conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic in 90 countries.
ILO Working paper 81
Key workers in Malaysia during the pandemic
17 October 2022
During the COVID-19 pandemic, the Malaysian government prioritized health and economic stimulus packages for the sectors considered “key” for the economy and gave little recognition to the workers making contributions to the functioning of daily lives.
ILO Working paper 79
COVID-19 Among Migrant Farmworkers in Canada: Employment Strain in a Transnational Context
20 September 2022
This study analyzes the conditions that migrant farmworkers in Canada endured prior to and during the COVID-19 pandemic (January 2020-March 2022).
ILO Working paper 78
Labour market policies for inclusiveness: A literature review with a gap analysis
07 September 2022
This paper reviews the role of specific fiscal spending and transfer programmes in shaping labour market dynamics by disentangling different macroeconomic and microeconomic mechanisms.
ILO Working paper 77
The effects of COVID-19 on businesses: key versus non-key firms
30 August 2022
This paper analyzes how a specific differentiation by governments throughout the world – whether a sector was deemed “essential” or “key” – affected firm performance.
ILO Working paper 76
The role of tripartite social dialogue in facilitating a just transition: Experiences from selected countries
30 August 2022
This Working Paper analyses the role of tripartite social dialogue in supporting green workplaces and, more generally, promoting just transitions at enterprise level.