Oil and gas production and oil refining sector

Global developments

Major global developments such as climate change-related policies, fluctuations in oil and natural gas prices, rising demand for cleaner sources of energy, and the creation of more fuel-efficient technology, may significantly change the face of the oil and gas industry in the future.

Challenges in the sector

The oil and gas sector is facing a number of sector-internal challenges, including shortage of skilled workers, accessing oil and gas reserves in geographically remote areas, promoting occupational safety and health standards, and respect for the fundamental principles and rights at work. How the industry approaches these challenges and concerns will have significant social, economic and environmental implications.

Recent work

In 2012, the Global Dialogue Forum on Future Needs for Skills and Training in the Oil and Gas Industry addressed the serious shortage of skilled workers faced by the oil and gas sector. The Forum examined strategies and policies to help ILO constituents ensure the needed levels of qualified workers in the industry, as well as to promote a preventative safety and health culture.

Current focus

The ILO will organize the Tripartite Sectoral Meeting on Occupational Safety and Health and Skills in the Oil and Gas Industry Operating in Polar and Subarctic Climate Zones of the Northern Hemisphere in the first quarter of 2016. The purpose of the meeting will be to discuss occupational safety and health (OSH) and skills in the oil and gas operations carried out in the polar and subarctic regions of the northern hemisphere.