Mining (coal; other mining) sector
ChallengesDespite considerable efforts in many countries, the rates of death, injury and disease among the world’s mineworkers remain high, and mining remains the most hazardous occupation when the number of people exposed to risk is taken into account.
Taking action on labour challenges in the mining sectorThe ILO has been dealing with labour and social problems in the mining industry since its early days, making considerable efforts to improve the work and life of miners - from the adoption of the Hours of Work (Coal Mines) Convention (No. 31) in 1931 to the Safety and Health in Mines Convention (No. 176), which was adopted in 1995.
Small-scale miningWhereas work on large-scale formal mining takes a central role in the ILO’s work, small-scale mining has also become an important issue, given that is has been expanding rapidly and often informally in many developing countries. Work in this subsector is guided by the 1999 Conclusions of the ILO tripartite sectoral meeting on small-scale mining, which addressed safety and health, child labour, and environmental issues in small-scale mining.
New developmentsAfter an exceptionally long period of growing commodity prices, important industry actors are foreseeing a slowing down of growth and a possible reduction in production and employment within the industry. If the trend is confirmed, attention will need to be given to finding sustainable solutions for affected mines and their workers.
A just transition to a new, greener life
05 June 2023
We lost our precious forest but found a way to survive
30 May 2023
The 8.7 Accelerator Lab joins the COTECCO project to reinforce the impact of the Private Sector Working Groups in two key mining provinces in the Democratic Republic of Congo
31 March 2023
Codes of practice
Other ILO on-line resources
Women and the Mine of the Future Global Report
01 April 2023
A just energy transition in Southeast Asia: The impact of coal phase-out on jobs
01 May 2022
Women in mining: Towards gender equality
27 September 2021