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Iran (Islamic Republic of) > Constitutional law

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Country: Iran (Islamic Republic of) - Subject: Constitutional law

  1. Iran (Islamic Republic of) - Constitutional law - Law, Act

    Law on Activities of Political Parties and Groups. - Legislation on-line in Persian

    Adoption: 2016-11-16 | IRN-2016-L-105831

    Chapter 1. Definitions
    Chapter 2. Establishment of the Party
    Chapter 3. Rights and Responsibilities

    The law regulates activities of political parties. Applicants should presents their views on cultural, economic, social and political issues in the country. Political parties or groups should be based on the principles of Velayet-e Faqih.
    Chapter 2, Article 5 provides the list of individuals who are prohibited from membership in political parties (also persons suspected of being spies by security and intelligence forces).

  2. Iran (Islamic Republic of) - Constitutional law - Law, Act

    Law on the Elections of the Islamic Consultative Assembly. - Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majlis), 1378-09-07 (1999-11-28) Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1999-11-28 | Date of entry into force: 1999-11-30 | IRN-1999-L-91816

    Provides for principles on the organization of elections, electoral rights, secret ballot, rights and responsibilities of election campaign committees, candidates' registration and status.

    Under Article 6, employees of the Government or Government affiliated institutions who became a member of the Parliament will receive the salary as a Parliament representative. Their previous term of office will be considered a part of their government employment history.

  3. Iran (Islamic Republic of) - Constitutional law - Constitution

    Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran. - Constitution (in English) Constitution (in English)

    Adoption: 1979-10-24 | IRN-1979-C-42162

    Ratified 24 October 1979 and amended to 28 July 1989. The Preamble describes the history of the Islamic Revolution and the ideological principles of the Constitution. Chapter I contains general principles, including: the role of divine revelation in setting forth laws (Art. 2(2)); the Twelver Ja'fari school of Islam as the official religion of Iran (Art. 12); and the respect of human rights of non-Muslims who refrain from activities against Islam and Iran (Art. 14). Chapter III defines the rights of the people, including: the equality of men and women before law, in conformity with Islamic criteria (Art. 20); freedom of the press (Art. 24); freedom of assembly (Arts. 26-27); the right to social security, old-age, disability, unemployment and retirement benefits (Art. 29); and education (Art. 30). Article 38 prohibits torture. Chapter IV outlines the Economy and Financial Affairs. Large industries such as banking, mining, and insurance are part of the state sector. Enterprises concerned with production and distribution form part of the cooperative sector. Agriculture and lesser trades and services form the private sector (Art. 44). Article 47 assures private ownership. Chapter VI establishes the legislative power: the Islamic Consultative Assembly and the Guardian Council. The latter is composed of twelve members versed in Islamic law who are to insure the conformity of national laws with Islam (Art. 91). Chapter VII establishes local councils. Chapter VIII provides for the Leader or Leadership Council. An Assembly of Experts shall declare one of its members as Leader, who assumes the powers of the "wilayat al-amr". The Leader may, inter alia, appoint and dismiss members of the Guardian Council. He also exercises the power of the supreme judicial authority of the nation and assumes the supreme command of the armed forces and the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (Art. 110). Chapter IX outlines the duties of the President and Council of Ministers. Chapter XI establishes the Judiciary and Supreme Court.

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